External Stakeholders

The role of the stakeholders is to bring in expertise and technical advice on the INSA’s activities and objectives along the course of the project and explore opportunities for development of other projects. The INSA project in turn will share scientific findings with the stakeholders, on nitrogen flows and processes of production, emission and deposition of nitrogen, as well as impacts on climate, air and water quality, and biodiversity, through the concept of nitrogen use efficiency.

So far two organizations have signed MoU’s with the INSA project coordinator  – University of Paul Sabatier – Toulouse III, to formalize their collaboration on the INSA project:

West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF)

CORAF, a sub-regional organization consisting of the national agricultural research systems of twenty-three countries in West and Central Africa, mandated to coordinate the implementation of the sub-regional agricultural research policies as defined by the governments. Created in 1987, the primary objective of CORAF is to improve livelihoods in West and Central Africa through sustainable increases in agricultural production and productivity, as well as promoting competitiveness, and markets.

CORAF recently partnered with UT3 with the objective to explore their complementary research, institutional development, and capacity building skills to further their respective missions. CORAF’s regional projects and INSA address some common issues in the sub-region such as climate change in relation to food security and declining soil fertility, livestock management (use of manure to combat soil infertility), improving quality agri-inputs (N efficiency use in fertilizers).  For more information on CORAF’s projects click here.


The African Plant Nutrition Institute (APNI)

A not-for-profit research and development organization, APNI was founded in 2019 and is based in Benguérir, Morocco. APNI’s mission is to innovate plant nutrition through evidence-based practices for a resilient and food-secure Africa. APNI has the mandate of developing and promoting technologies that support the effective management of plant nutrients, thereby contributing towards sustainable crop production intensification in Africa. To accomplish this goal, APNI addresses the major soil fertility, crop production, and food security challenges across the continent.

Currently, APNI is implementing several projects that investigate the use of effective fertilizers and nutrient management practices in East, West and North Africa. These projects have a strong component on integrated soil fertility management which encompasses nitrogen cycling and use efficiency, very relevant for the INSA project. For more information, on APNI’s projects, click here.

A book of abstracts of publications on Integrated Soil fertility Management Technologies in Malawi produced in 2016 is available, that includes papers on improving nitrogen efficiency, modelling fluxes of nitrogen in different catchments, nitrogen dynamics in cropping systems, to mention a few. This document is available here.

Pastoralisme Conseil (PASTOC)

PASTOC is a self-company created by Pierre Hiernaux, an agro- ecologist and expert in pastures and extensive livestock systems in sub Saharan Africa. Currently located in Caylus, France. PASTOC’s consulting services focus on training and providing expertise in the fields of tropical agronomy and ecology in general, with a strong focus on farming systems with a livestock component, pastoral breeding, and assessment and monitoring of plant resources on landscape dynamics in Africa. PASTOC will provide guidance and bring in expertise on the INSA project’s activity dedicated to nitrogen flows from livestock and agriculture in agropastoral regions in West and East Africa. An example of Pierre Hiernaux’s recent work, includes  contribution to a recent article on the surprisingly high tree density in West African Sahara and the Sahel, available here.